Reference

REDGAS: a randomized evaluation of the demand for LPG stoves and of the associated effects on household air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and well-being in Burkina Faso (2018-2022)

Project Description

This Randomized Controlled Trial, led by Philippe De Veyrier, Elodie Djemai and Thomas Thivillon, aims to quantify the health and socioeconomic impacts of access to LPG for low-income households in Burkina Faso. It involves a random sample of 823 households who will be assigned to one of four groups of equal size:

1 A ‘subsidy group’ in which households will be offered a 25% discount on the purchase of a LPG kit including a stove and a 6kg cylinder;

2. A ‘credit group’: the households assigned to this group will receive a sales offer enabling them to purchase the same kit in four installments (but at the standard market price);

3. A 'credit + subsidy group' in which households will receive a sales offer enabling them to purchase the LPG kit in four installments at a subsidized price (-25%)

4. A ‘comparison group’ where households will be offered to purchase the LPG kit in cash at the standard retail price.

More details are available here: https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/5024

 

Our Contribution

For this project, we have provided the equipment needed for the measurement of PM2.5 exposure and kitchen concentration in 825 households. We have used both 85 gravimetric samplers (uPump) and 120 real time PM2.5 sensors (HAPEx) to realize about 1,650 24h gravimetric collocated measurements.

To measure daily ambient air pollution, we have deployed 8 ambient air gravimetric sampler. We have also provided 400 EXACT sensors to monitor the adoption of the LPG stoves.

In addition to providing the equipment needed to perform these measurements, we have also trained the field team in charge of the measurements on the usage of the sensors and the air sampling equipment as well as for the Kitchen Performance Test.

Measuring long term adoption of the Dos por Tres stove in Honduras (2021)

About the project

Proyecto Mirador began working in Honduras in 2004 with 3 employees. They have now built more than 240,000 Dos por Tres plancha stoves across Honduras with the help of 220 direct and indirect employees.

Proyecto Mirador Verified Emissions Reductions (VERs) are certified by the Gold Standard and the project has reduced 2 million tons of CO2e after 12 successful verifications and field visits.

 

Our contribution

To help assess the adoption of the Dos por Tres stove more precisely, we have provided Stove Use Monitors (EXACT) sensors for deployment in 270 households during 3 months. The sensors were placed on stoves aged between one and six years to measure the usage rate of each age category independently.

After the data collection, we analyzed the very rich data collected and synthetized it in a stove usage report. This document was then submitted to the Gold Standard for issuance of carbon credits.

Climate impact assessment and PM concentration measurements of an improved cookstove in Red Panda habitat, (2020-2021)

Partners: Red Panda Network, Oregon State University

Before-after study among 70 households

  • Measurement of fuel consumption using FUEL sensors
  • Measurement of stove usage using EXACT sensors
  • Measurement of kitchen PM concentration with light scattering HAPEx sensor.

Impact assessment of a rocket stove, Jet Flame and ventilation intervention, MALAWI (2021-2022)

Partners: C-Quest Capital, Oregon State University

  • 2050 days of fuel consumption m easurementusing FUEL sensors
  • 2050 days of stove usage measurement using EXACT sensors
  • 205 24h measurement of kitchen PM concentration (gravimetric and light scattering measurements).

Baseline usage of charcoal and LPG stove in the Port-au-Prince area, HAITI, (2021-2022)

Partners: Berkeley Air Monitoring Group, Clean Cooking Alliance

Measurement of baseline stove usage in 180 households during 4 months with 600 EXACT sensors

Validation of the French translation of the new ISO 19867 standard “Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions – Harmonized laboratory test protocols” (2020)

Establishment of a national baseline for clean cooking carbon offset project in Togo, Senegal and Mali (2020)

Partners: Accessible Energy

  • Calculation of national fNRB value for biomass renewability rate
  • Calculation of national consumption per household

Adoption, Climate and Health Impact Study of the Mimi Moto stove in Myanmar, MYANMAR (2019)

Partners: World Vision

Cross sectional sample of 90 households using traditional stoves, Mimi Moto with firewood and Mimi Moto with pellets.

  • Measurement of exposure to PM2.5 (gravimetric and light scattering measurements)
  • Quantification of Averted DALY (Gold Standard ADALY methodology) achieved by the intervention
  • Measurement of usage intensity (cooking event, cooking time, traditional stove displacement ratio) with Stove Use Monitors
  • Measurement of fuel consumption (Kitchen Performance Test)

Health Impact Study of the Dos por Tres Stove, HONDURAS (2018)

Partner: Proyecto Mirador

Quantification of health impact (expressed in averted DALY) of Proyecto Mirador national cookstove program:

  • Cross sectional measurement of exposure to PM2.5 of improved cooking technology and traditional stove users in Honduras (240 households)
  • Quantification of Averted DALY (Gold Standard ADALY methodology)
  • Measurement of usage intensity of baseline and intervention stoves (cooking event, cooking time, traditional stove displacement ratio) with SUMS.

Monitoring of the Toyola stove in Togo, Home Based (2016-2018-2020)

Partner: Accessible Energy

Assessment of usage of the intervention stove and baseline stove in three main cities of Togo:

  • Study design and sample selection (800 households out of the 105,000 stoves included into the project)
  • Support to the survey implementing organization
  • Data analysis and report writing for CDM verification

Performance Assessment of 10 Institutional cookstove, UGANDA (2018)

Partner: UNDP

  • Definition of a testing protocol based on the Controlled Cooking Test
  • Measurement of fuel savings achieved by 10 different model of institutional cookstoves

Clean Cooking Solutions Grant Facility: Market Test, Kakuma Refugee Camp, KENYA, (2018)

Partners:  World Bank ESMAP, Practical Action Consulting

Field test of 11 firewood and improved cookstove in Turkana county, Kenya (520 households):

  • Randomized Control Trial study design,
  • Kitchen Performance Test,
  • Stove usage measurement,
  • Assessment of consumer acceptance,
  • Stove degradation,
  • Ability and Willingness to pay

Health Impact Study of the Mimi Moto stove, MYANMAR (2017)

Partner: World Vision

Quantification of health impact (expressed in averted DALY) of the Mimi Moto stove in two areas of Myanmar:

  • Cross sectional measurement of exposure to PM2.5 among households using improved and traditional cooking technology (120 households).
  • Quantification of Averted DALY (Gold Standard ADALY methodology)

Health Impact Study, AFGHANISTAN (2017)

Partner: GERES

Quantification of health impact (expressed in averted DALY) GERES CHP program in Afghanistan.

  • Cross sectional measurement of exposure to PM2.5 among households using improved and traditional cooking technology (120 households).
  • Quantification of Averted DALY (Gold Standard ADALY methodology)

Improved cookstoves for shea butter producer: quantification of climate impact, BURKINA FASO (2016-2021)

Partner: L’Oréal, Entrepreneurs du monde

  • CCT among 20 Shea Butter producers (specific fuel consumption)
  • Measurement of local Black and Organic Carbon emission factors (carbon balance method)
  • Continuous monitoring of stove usage (SUMS)
  • Development of a dedicated climate impact accounting methodology taking into account CO2, CH4, N2O, Black and Organic Carbon based on emission rate and cooking time.

 

Clean Cookstove Performance Testing Services, MYANMAR (2016)

Partners: World Vision, Aprovecho Research Centre

  • Cross sectional study of 120 households using 4 different stoves
  • Measurement of fuel consumption (KPT), stove usage (SUMS), kitchen concentration and exposure of the cook to PM2.5 (gravimetric and real time methods)
  • Quantification of averted DALYs by the intervention

Household Air Pollution, black carbon and health impact assessment of an ethanol stove intervention in KENYA (2016)

Partners: ClimateCare, GreenDevelopment, DFID

  • Cross sectional study of 120 households: measurement of PM 2.5 in ambient and kitchen air; measurement of cook and children exposure to PM2.5 (gravimetric and real time methods)
  • Field measurement of emission factors for PM2.5, CO2, CO and black carbon of charcoal, kerosene and ethanol stoves (carbon balance method).
  • Quantification of averted DALYs by the intervention

Development of a toolkit TOR for the WHO “Indoor air quality guidelines: household fuel combustion”, Home Based, HONDURAS (2015)

Partners: WHO  , Practical Action Consulting

The toolkit will help the health sector implement the new guidelines and integrate health outcome in the planning and monitoring of national cookstove interventions.

Cookstove and M&E lead

Evaluation of a clean energy project in BURKINA FASO (2014)

Partner: USAID

Nafa Naana promote the development of clean energy technologies (improved stoves, LPG stoves, solar lanterns,etc.) to households in Burkina Faso through micro-franchising.

  • Evaluation of indicators relevancy
  • Evaluation of data collection procedures
  • Provide recommendation to improve the continuous monitoring of the project

Longitudinal Study of 8 improved cookstove in HAITI (2014)

Partners:  USAID , Chemonics

Oversee a one year study of the impacts of 8 improved cookstoves in 120 households of Port-au-Prince. The study include the continuous monitoring of stove use (SUMS), quantitative measurement of fuel use (KPT) indoor air pollution (PM2.5 and CO) and the assessment of stove conditions, users perceptions…

  • Recommendation on study design
  • Training of surveyors
  • Follow up of survey implementation
  • Data quality control and analysis
  • Report writing

Baseline Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation of an improved cookstove project in HAITI (2013-2020)

Partners:Entrepreneurs du Monde

  • Energy use pattern baseline assessment of about 500 households and street food vendors in the greater Port au Prince area (qualitative survey and KPT)::
    • Definition of indicators and monitoring plan
    • Sampling for household and street food vendor (clustered, stratified sample)
    • Surveyor training and management
    • Data quality control and analysis
  • Ongoing yearly monitoring survey among LPG stove users

Baseline Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation of an improved cookstove project in Brazzaville, REPUBLIC OF CONGO (2013-2016)

  • Energy use pattern baseline assessment of about 500 households and street food vendors in the greater Brazzaville area (qualitative survey and KPT):
    • Definition of indicators and monitoring plan
    • Sampling for household and street food vendor (clustered, stratified sample)
    • Surveyor training and management
    • Data quality control and analysis

Evaluation of a domestic biodigester project in Sichuan, CHINA (2011)

Partner: French Development Agency

Following the 2010 earthquake the AFD financed the reconstruction of 100,000 domestic biodigesters.

  • Evaluation of the project implementation
  • Recommendation for the long term monitoring of the project’s impacts

Baseline Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation of a household biodigesteur project in Qujing, Yunnan province CHINA (2010-2014)

Partners:French Global Environment Facility

  • Energy use pattern baseline assessment of about 120 households in the Qujing prefecture of the Yunnan province (qualitative survey and KPT):
    • Definition of indicators and monitoring plan
    • Sampling for household (clustered, stratified sample)
    • Surveyor training and management
    • Data quality control and analysis
  • Monitoring survey among biodigesters users

Baseline Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation of a domestic biodigesteur project in Guizhou and Yunnan provinces CHINA (2008-2014)

Partner: Initiative Développement

  • Collaboration with an IT specialist to design a dedicated online database (using PHP/MySQL)
  • Energy use pattern baseline assessment of about 25,000 households
    • Definition of indicators and monitoring plan
    • Surveyor training and management
    • Data quality control and analysis
  • Monitoring survey among biodigesters users (about 600 surveys yearly)

 

CARBON REFERENCES: LIST OF CARBON OFFSET PROJECT DEVELOPED

ID

Title

Technology

Location

Standard

Methodology

Type

Status of project

Role

Partners/ Clients

GS689

Zhaoyang rural household biogas tank program

Improved Cookstove (biogas)

China

Gold Standard

GS methodology for small scale biodigesters

Stand alone Project

Issued VER

Primary consultant

Initiative Developpement

GS614

Biogas Tanks in Guizhou Province in China

Improved Cookstove (biogas)

China

Gold Standard

GS methodology for small scale biodigesters

Stand alone Project

Issued VER

Primary consultant

GoodPlanet

9169

Rural Household Biogas Programme in 7 Regions of Sichuan

Improved Cookstove (biogas)

China

CDM

CDM AMS-III.R

&

CDM AMS-I.I

Programme of Activities

Registered

Strategic Advice, rereading

Sichuan Wuhai Environmental Protection & Bioengineering Co.,LTD.

GS1205

Sustainable Energy for Deveopment Programme of Activity

Biodigester, Cookstove, Water purification, Briquettes

Multi-country

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

Programme of Activities

Registered

Primary consultant

Initiative Developpement

GS918

Improved Cook Stove project in Longjie, Guizhou

Improved Cookstove (firewood)

China

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

VPA

Issued

Primary consultant

Initiative Developpement

GS1011

YGF Mangshi Household Biogas Tank Project

Improved Cookstove (biogas)

China

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

Stand alone Project

Issued

Strategic Advice, rereading

Yunnan Green Foundation

GS998

Yunnan 24,000 Household Biogas  Project

Improved Cookstove (biogas)

China

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

Stand alone Project

Under validation

Strategic Advice, rereading

Yunnan CDM Centre

GS2414

Improved Cook Stove project in Brazzaville

Improved Cookstove (charcoal & firewood)

Congo Brazzaville

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

VPA

Issuance review

Primary consultant

Initiative Developpement

GS2560

Improved Ylang-Ylang Distillation in the Comoros

Improved Distillation

Comoros

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

VPA

Listed

Primary consultant

Initiative Developpement

GS2564

GS2564 Expanding access to LPG in Haiti through microfinance services

Improved Cookstove (LPG)

Haiti

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

Stand alone Project

Issued

Primary consultant

Entrepreneurs du Monde

GS1146

Expanding access to LPG  in Burkina Faso

Improved Cookstove (LPG)

Burkina Faso

Gold Standard

GS TPDDTEC

Stand alone Project

Issued

Primary Consultant

Entrepreneurs du Monde

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